SKI-II is a selective non-lipid inhibitor of sphingosine kinase (IC50 = 0.5 μM). nhibits acute myelogenous leukemia cell growth in vitro and in vivo. SKI-II was more efficient than two known SphK1 inhibitors SK1-I and FTY720 in inhibiting AML cells. Meanwhile, it induced dramatic apoptosis in above AML cells, and the cytotoxicity by SKI-II was almost reversed by the general caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk. SKI-II treatment inhibited SphK1 activation, and concomitantly increased level of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) precursor ceramide in AML cells.
Chemical Formula: C15H11ClN2OS
Exact Mass: 302.0281
Molecular Weight: 302.776
Elemental Analysis: C, 59.50; H, 3.66; Cl, 11.71; N, 9.25; O, 5.28; S, 10.59
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
SKI II inhibits cell proliferation by suppressing the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. SKI II promotes the degradation of β-catenin by enhancing Wnt5A.
SKI II (1.25 μM, 48 h) in combination with DDP has a clear synergistic effect in human gastric carcinoma SGC7901/DDP cell line.
Chronic SKI II (50.0 mg/kg, 3-weekly i.p. for 16 weeks) administration leads to permanent reduction of S1P concentrations in plasma in mice.
SKI II (50.0 mg/kg, IP; 100 mg/kg, PO) treatment reduces tumor growth in mice bearing solid tumor model.
Aurelio L, Scullino CV, Pitman MR, Sexton A, Oliver V, Davies L, Rebello RJ, Furic L, Creek DJ, Pitson SM, Flynn BL. From Sphingosine Kinase to Dihydroceramide Desaturase: A Structure-Activity Relationship (SAR) Study of the Enzyme Inhibitory and Anticancer Activity of 4-((4-(4-Chlorophenyl)thiazol-2-yl)amino)phenol (SKI-II). J Med Chem. 2016 Feb 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26780304.
Yang L, Weng W, Sun ZX, Fu XJ, Ma J, Zhuang WF. SphK1 inhibitor II (SKI-II) inhibits acute myelogenous leukemia cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015 May 15;460(4):903-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.03.114. Epub 2015 Mar 28. PubMed PMID: 25824043.
Potì F, Ceglarek U, Burkhardt R, Simoni M, Nofer JR. SKI-II--a sphingosine kinase 1 inhibitor--exacerbates atherosclerosis in low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (LDL-R-/-) mice on high cholesterol diet. Atherosclerosis. 2015 May;240(1):212-5. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.03.020. Epub 2015 Mar 16. PubMed PMID: 25801013.
Li PH, Wu JX, Zheng JN, Pei DS. A sphingosine kinase-1 inhibitor, SKI-II, induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in human gastric cancer cells. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15(23):10381-5. PubMed PMID: 25556479.
Liu Y, Zhu Z, Cai H, Liu Q, Zhou H, Zhu Z. SKI-II reverses the chemoresistance of SGC7901/DDP gastric cancer cells. Oncol Lett. 2014 Jul;8(1):367-373. Epub 2014 Apr 25. PubMed PMID: 24959278; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4063656.
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