Pamidronic acid is a biochemical.
CAS Number: 40391-99-9
Molecular Weight: 235.07
Chemical Name: (3-Amino-1-hydroxypropane-1,1-diyl)diphosphonic acid
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Osteosarcoma cell viability decreases significantly in a concentration- and time-dependent manner at pamidronate concentrations ranging from 100 to 1000 μM, most consistently after 48 and 72 hours' exposure. In treated osteosarcoma cells, the lowest percentage cell viability is 34% (detected after 72 hours' exposure to 1000μM pamidronate). Pamidronate disodium inhibits Wnt and β-catenin signaling, which controls osteogenic differentiation in BMMSCs. Wnt3a, a Wnt and β-catenin signaling activator, reverses the negative effects caused by pamidronate disodium to salvage the osteogenic defect in BMMSCs.
Pamidronic acid can significantly inhibit and even reverse early osteoarthritic subchondral bone loss, thus alleviating the process of cartilaginous degeneration. The mechanisms involved may be associated with the upregulation of OPG expression, and downregulation of RANKL, MMP-9 and TLR-4 expression.
- Ashton JA, et al. Investigation of the effect of pamidronate disodium on the in vitro viability of osteosarcoma cellsfrom dogs. Am J Vet Res. 2005 May;66(5):885-91.
- Xu Y, et al. Pamidronate Disodium Leads to Bone Necrosis via Suppression of Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling in Human Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells In Vitro. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017 Mar 22.
- Lv Y, et al. Effects of pamidronate disodium on the loss of osteoarthritic subchondral bone and the expression of cartilaginous and subchondral osteoprotegerin and RANKL in rabbits. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2014 Nov 6;15:370.
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