Canagliflozin, also known as JNJ-28431754 and TA 7284, is a drug of the gliflozin class or subtype 2 sodium-glucose transport (SGLT-2) inhibitors used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. SGLT2 is responsible for at least 90% of renal glucose reabsorption (SGLT1 being responsible for the remaining 10%). Blocking this transporter causes up to 119 grams of blood glucose per day to be eliminated through the urine, corresponding to 476 kilocalories. Additional water is eliminated by osmotic diuresis, resulting in a lowering of blood pressure.
CAS Number: 928672-86-0
Molecular Weight: 453.52
Related CAS Number:
Chemical Name: (3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(3-((5-(4-fluorophenyl)thiophen-2-yl)methyl)-4-methylphenyl)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol hemihydrate
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Canagliflozin inhibits Na+-dependent 14C-AMG uptake in CHO-hSGLT2 cells, with an IC50 of 4.4±1.2 nM. Similar IC50 values are obtained in CHO-rSGLT2 and CHO-mSGLT2 cells (IC50 = 3.7 and 2.0 nM for rat and mouse SGLT2, respectively). Canagliflozin inhibits 14C-AMG uptake in CHO-hSGLT1 and mSGLT1 cells with IC50 of 684±159 nM and >1, 000 nM, respectively.
Canagliflozin (30 mg/kg treatment for 4 weeks) reduced blood glucose (BG) levels, respiratory exchange ratio, and body weight gain in DIO mice. Canagliflozin (3 mg/kg for 3 weeks) increases urinary glucose excretion (UGE) with no significant change in total food intake compared with that in vehicle-treated rats, leading to a decrease in body weight In ZF rats.
- Qiu R, Balis D, Capuano G, Xie J, Meininger G. Canagliflozin: Efficacy and Safety in Combination with Metformin Alone or with Other Antihyperglycemic Agents in Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Ther. 2016 Oct 12. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 27734320.
- Canagliflozin (Invokana) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [Internet]. Ottawa (ON): Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health; 2015 Sep. Available from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK349575/ PubMed PMID: 26962611.
- Parveen R, Agarwal NB, Kaushal N, Mali G, Raisuddin S. Efficacy and safety of canagliflozin in type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2016;17(1):105-15. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2016.1109629. Review. PubMed PMID: 26650511.
- Seufert J. SGLT2 inhibitors - an insulin-independent therapeutic approach for treatment of type 2 diabetes: focus on canagliflozin. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2015 Nov 9;8:543-54. doi: 10.2147/DMSO.S90662. Review. PubMed PMID: 26609242; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4644173.
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