Hexaminolevulinate hydrochloride, also known as hexyl 5-aminolevulinate HCl, is the hexyl ester of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) with photodynamic properties. As a precursor of photoactive porphorins, hexyl 5-aminolevulinate induces the endogenous production of the photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) which accumulates selectively in tumor tissue. When exposed to specific wavelengths of light, PPIX is activated and, depending on the wavelength and/or intensity of light, either fluoresces, thereby allowing tumor imaging, or induces tumor cell apoptosis.
CAS Number: 140898-91-5
Molecular Weight: 251.75
5-Aminolevulinic acid hexyl ester
US brand names
Chemical Name: hexyl 5-amino-4-oxopentanoate hydrochloride.
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
- Togsverd-Bo K, Lerche CM, Philipsen PA, HÃ¦dersdal M, Wulf HC. Artificial daylight photodynamic therapy with "non-inflammatory" doses of hexyl aminolevulinate only marginally delays SCC development in UV-exposed hairless mice. Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2013 Sep 24. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24064675.
- Sievert KD, Kruck S. Hexyl aminolevulinate fluorescence cystoscopy in bladder cancer. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2009 Aug;9(8):1055-63. doi: 10.1586/era.09.73. Review. PubMed PMID: 19671025.
- Rink M, Babjuk M, Catto JW, Jichlinski P, Shariat SF, Stenzl A, Stepp H, Zaak D, Witjes JA. Hexyl aminolevulinate-guided fluorescence cystoscopy in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer: a critical review of the current literature. Eur Urol. 2013 Oct;64(4):624-38. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2013.07.007. Epub 2013 Jul 19. PubMed PMID: 23906669.
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