PF06447475 is a highly potent, selective, brain penetrant, and in vivo active LRRK2 kinase inhibitor. Leucine rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) has been genetically linked to Parkinson's disease (PD) by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The most common LRRK2 mutation, G2019S, which is relatively rare in the total population, gives rise to increased kinase activity. As such, LRRK2 kinase inhibitors are potentially useful in the treatment of PD.
CAS Number: 1527473-33-1
Molecular Weight: 305.33
Chemical Name: 3-(4-morpholino-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-5-yl)benzonitrile
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
PF-06447475 inhibits LRRK2 enzyme and LRRK2 in the whole cell assay with IC50s of 3 and 25 nM, respectively. Cells incubated with PF-06447475 alone (0.5, 1, 3 μM) or in the presence of ROT significantly reduces (S935)-LRRK2 kinase phosphorylation to control. PF-06447475 significantly preserves the nucleus morphology and ΔΨm of NLCs exposed to ROT compared to untreated and control. PF-475 significantly diminishes ROT-induced ROS generation to a similar extent to cells exposed to PF-475 alone.
In G2019S+ rats treated with PF-06447475, a significant reduction in microgliosis to levels found in wild-type rats could be observed. The proinflammatory marker MHC-II expressed on myeloid cells but not neurons also appears to be less abundant in confocal sections in G2019S+ rats treated with PF-06447475. PF-06447475 treatment in G2019S+ rats significantly lowers the number of CD68 cells recruited to the SNpc. PF-06447475 successfully blocks the enhanced neuroinflammation associated with G2019S-LRRK2 expression. Treatment of G2019S+ rats with PF-06447475 preserves TH expression in the dorsal striatum, consistent with drug attenuating neurodegeneration in the SNpc. PF-06447475 is well tolerated in rats.
- Henderson JL, Kormos BL, Hayward MM, Coffman KJ, Jasti J, Kurumbail RG, Wager TT, Verhoest PR, Noell GS, Chen Y, Needle E, Berger Z, Steyn SJ, Houle C, Hirst WD, Galatsis P. Discovery and preclinical profiling of 3-[4-(morpholin-4-yl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-5-yl]benzonitrile (PF-06447475), a highly potent, selective, brain penetrant, and in vivo active LRRK2 kinase inhibitor. J Med Chem. 2015 Jan 8;58(1):419-32. doi: 10.1021/jm5014055. Epub 2014 Nov 17. PubMed PMID: 25353650.
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