GGTI-298 is a potent geranylgeranyltransferase-I (GGTase-I) inhibitor with potential antitumor actrivity. GGTI-298 disrupts MAP kinase activation and G(1)-S transition in Ki-Ras-overexpressing transformed adrenocortical cells. GGTI-298 induces hypophosphorylation of retinoblastoma and partner switching of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors. A potential mechanism for GGTI-298 antitumor activity. GGTI-298 arrests human tumor cells in G0/G1 and induces p21(WAF1/CIP1/SDI1) in a p53-independent manner. GGTI-298 induces G0-G1 block and apoptosis whereas FTI-277 causes G2-M enrichment in A549 cells.
Chemical Formula: C29H34F3N3O5S
Molecular Weight: 593.6622
Elemental Analysis: C, 58.67; H, 5.77; F, 9.60; N, 7.08; O, 13.47; S, 5.40
GGTI-298 trifluoride salt
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C27H33N3O3S.C2HF3O2/c1-17(2)13-25(27(32)33-3)30-26(31)23-12-11-20(29-15-19(28)16-34)14-24(23)22-10-6-8-18-7-4-5-9-21(18)22;3-2(4,5)1(6)7/h4-12,14,17,19,25,29,34H,13,15-16,28H2,1-3H3,(H,30,31);(H,6,7)/t19-,25+;/m1./s1
Appearance: White to off-white solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
RhoA inhibitor (GGTI298 Trifluoroacetate) significantly reduces cAMP agonist-stimulated apical K+ conductance. Knockdown of DR4 abolishes NF-κB activation, leading to sensitization of DR5-dependent apoptosis induced by the combination of GGTI298 Trifluoroacetate and TRAIL. GGTI298 Trifluoroacetate/TRAIL activates NF-κB and inhibits Akt. Knockdown of DR5, prevents GGTI298/TRAIL-induced IκBα and p-Akt reduction, suggesting that DR5 mediates reduction of IκBα and p-Akt induced by GGTI298/TRAIL. In contrast, DR4 knockdown further facilitates GGTI298/TRAIL-induced p-Akt reduction.
The vivo mouse ileal loop experiments show fluid accumulation is reduced in a dose-dependent manner by TRAM-34, GGTI298 Trifluoroacetate, or H1152 when inject together with cholera toxin into the loop.
Chu UB, Duellman T, Weaver SJ, Tao Y, Yang J. Endothelial protective genes induced by statin are mimicked by ERK5 activation as triggered by a drug combination of FTI-277 and GGTI-298. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Jul;1850(7):1415-25. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2015.03.011. PubMed PMID: 25829196; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4465438.
Allal C, Pradines A, Hamilton AD, Sebti SM, Favre G. Farnesylated RhoB prevents cell cycle arrest and actin cytoskeleton disruption caused by the geranylgeranyltransferase I inhibitor GGTI-298. Cell Cycle. 2002 Nov-Dec;1(6):430-7. PubMed PMID: 12548020.
Lau CP, Wong KC, Huang L, Li G, Tsui SK, Kumta SM. A mouse model of luciferase-transfected stromal cells of giant cell tumor of bone. Connect Tissue Res. 2015 Nov;56(6):493-503. doi: 10.3109/03008207.2015.1075519. PubMed PMID: 26327464.
Mazet JL, Padieu M, Osman H, Maume G, Mailliet P, Dereu N, Hamilton AD, Lavelle F, Sebti SM, Maume BF. Combination of the novel farnesyltransferase inhibitor RPR130401 and the geranylgeranyltransferase-1 inhibitor GGTI-298 disrupts MAP kinase activation and G(1)-S transition in Ki-Ras-overexpressing transformed adrenocortical cells. FEBS Lett. 1999 Oct 29;460(2):235-40. PubMed PMID: 10544242.
Coxon FP, Helfrich MH, Van't Hof R, Sebti S, Ralston SH, Hamilton A, Rogers MJ. Protein geranylgeranylation is required for osteoclast formation, function, and survival: inhibition by bisphosphonates and GGTI-298. J Bone Miner Res. 2000 Aug;15(8):1467-76. PubMed PMID: 10934645.
Edwards DC, McKinnon KM, Fenizia C, Jung KJ, Brady JN, Pise-Masison CA. Inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase-I decreases cell viability of HTLV-1-transformed cells. Viruses. 2011 Oct;3(10):1815-35. doi: 10.3390/v3101815. PubMed PMID: 22069517; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3205383.
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