Pilaralisib, also known as XL147, is a Class 1 PI3K kinase family inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. XL147 reversibly binds to class 1 PI3Ks in an ATP-competitive manner, inhibiting the production of the secondary messenger phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3) and activation of the PI3K signaling pathway; this may result in inhibition of tumor cell growth and survival in susceptible tumor cell populations. Activation of the PI3K signaling pathway is frequently associated with tumorigenesis.
Chemical Formula: C25H25ClN6O4S
Exact Mass: 540.13465
Molecular Weight: 541.02
Elemental Analysis: C, 55.50; H, 4.66; Cl, 6.55; N, 15.53; O, 11.83; S, 5.93
Chemical Name: 2-amino-N-(3-(N-(3-((2-chloro-5-methoxyphenyl)amino)quinoxalin-2-yl)sulfamoyl)phenyl)-2-methylpropanamide.
InChi Key: QINPEPAQOBZPOF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C25H25ClN6O4S/c1-25(2,27)24(33)28-15-7-6-8-17(13-15)37(34,35)32-23-22(29-19-9-4-5-10-20(19)30-23)31-21-14-16(36-3)11-12-18(21)26/h4-14H,27H2,1-3H3,(H,28,33)(H,29,31)(H,30,32)
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
Pilaralisib (XL147) displays potent inhibitory activity against Class I PI3K isoforms p110α, p110δ, and p110γ, with IC50s of 39, 36, and 23 nM, respectively. Pilaralisib (XL147) is less potent against the remaining Class I isoform, p110β, with an IC50 value of 383 nM. The IC50 value for inhibition of PI3Kα by Pilaralisib (XL147) is determined at various concentrations of ATP, revealing XL147 to be an ATP-competitive inhibitor with an equilibrium inhibition constant (Ki) value of 42 nM. Pilaralisib (XL147) has relatively weak inhibitory activity toward the class III PI3K vacuolar sorting protein 34 (VPS34; IC50 value of ~7.0 M) and the PI3K-related DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK; IC50 value of 4.75 μM). In an mTOR kinase immunoprecipitation assay using cell lysates, Pilaralisib (XL147) does not inhibit mTOR activity toward the physiologic substrate protein eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4EBP1; IC50>15 μM). Consistent with its inhibitory activity against purified PI3K proteins, Pilaralisib (XL147) inhibits EGF-induced PIP3 production in PC-3 and MCF7 cells in serum-free medium with IC50s of 220 and 347 nM, respectively. The ability of Pilaralisib (XL147) to inhibit phosphorylation of key signaling proteins downstream of PI3K is examined by assessing its effects on EGF-stimulated phosphorylation of AKT and on nonstimulated phosphorylation of S6 in PC-3 cells in serum-free media by cell-based ELISA. Pilaralisib (XL147) inhibits these activities with IC50s of 477 and 776 nM, respectively.
The ability of Pilaralisib (XL147) to inhibit this endogenous phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, and S6 is examined following a single oral dose of 10, 30, 100, or 300 mg/kg. The tumors are harvested 4, 24, or 48 hours postdose and homogenized in lysis buffer. Tumor lysates from each animal (n=4) are then pooled for each group and analyzed for levels of total and phosphorylated AKT, p70S6K, and S6 by Western immunoblotting. Administration of Pilaralisib (XL147) causes a dose-dependent decrease in phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, and S6 in the tumors, reaching a maximum of 81% inhibition of AKT phosphorylation at 300 mg/kg at 4 hours. The dose-response relationships derived from the 4-hour time point predict 50% inhibition of AKT, p70S6K, and S6 phosphorylation at doses of approximately 100 mg/kg (pAKTT308), 54 mg/kg (pAKTS473), 71 mg/kg (p-p70S6K), and 103 mg/kg (pS6). The inhibition of AKT, p70S6K, and S6 phosphorylation in MCF7 tumors following a 100 mg/kg dose of Pilaralisib (XL147) is maximal at 4 hours, reaching 55% to 75%; however, the level of inhibition decreased to 8% to 45% by 24 hours, and only minimal or no inhibition was evident by 48 hours. Following a 300 mg/kg dose of Pilaralisib (XL147), inhibition is also maximal at 4 hours (65%-81%). However, in contrast with the 100 mg/kg dose, inhibition at 24 hours (51%-78%) is almost comparable with that seen at 4 hours, and partial inhibition (25%-51%) persisted through 48 hours.
Shapiro GI, Rodon J, Bedell C, Kwak EL, Baselga J, BraÃ±a I, Pandya SS, Scheffold C, Laird AD, Nguyen LT, Xu Y, Egile C, Edelman G. Phase I safety, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic study of SAR245408 (XL147), an oral pan-class I PI3K inhibitor, in patients with advanced solid tumors. Clin Cancer Res. 2014 Jan 1;20(1):233-45. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-13-1777. Epub 2013 Oct 28. PubMed PMID: 24166903.
Rexer BN, Ghosh R, Narasanna A, Estrada MV, Chakrabarty A, Song Y, Engelman JA, Arteaga CL. Human breast cancer cells harboring a gatekeeper T798M mutation in HER2 overexpress EGFR ligands and are sensitive to dual inhibition of EGFR and HER2. Clin Cancer Res. 2013 Oct 1;19(19):5390-401. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-13-1038. Epub 2013 Aug 15. PubMed PMID: 23948973; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3809918.
Chakrabarty A, Bhola NE, Sutton C, Ghosh R, Kuba MG, Dave B, Chang JC, Arteaga CL. Trastuzumab-resistant cells rely on a HER2-PI3K-FoxO-survivin axis and are sensitive to PI3K inhibitors. Cancer Res. 2013 Feb 1;73(3):1190-200. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-12-2440. Epub 2012 Nov 29. PubMed PMID: 23204226; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3563941.
Reynolds CP, Kang MH, Carol H, Lock R, Gorlick R, Kolb EA, Kurmasheva RT, Keir ST, Maris JM, Billups CA, Houghton PJ, Smith MA. Initial testing (stage 1) of the phosphatidylinositol 3' kinase inhibitor, SAR245408 (XL147) by the pediatric preclinical testing program. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 May;60(5):791-8. doi: 10.1002/pbc.24301. Epub 2012 Sep 21. PubMed PMID: 23002019.
Chakrabarty A, SÃ¡nchez V, Kuba MG, Rinehart C, Arteaga CL. Feedback upregulation of HER3 (ErbB3) expression and activity attenuates antitumor effect of PI3K inhibitors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 21;109(8):2718-23. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1018001108. Epub 2011 Feb 28. PubMed PMID: 21368164; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3286932.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.