Defactinib, also known as VS-6063 and PF-04554878, is an orally bioavailable, small-molecule focal adhesion kinase (FAK) inhibitor with potential antiangiogenic and antineoplastic activities. FAK inhibitor PF-04554878 inhibits FAK, which may prevent the integrin-mediated activation of several downstream signal transduction pathways, including ERK, JNK/MAPK and PI3K/Akt, thus inhibiting tumor cell migration, proliferation and survival.
CAS Number: 1073160-26-5
Molecular Weight: 546.95
Chemical Name: N-Methyl-4-((4-(((3-(methyl(methylsulfonyl)amino)pyrazin-2-yl)methyl)amino)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2-yl)amino)benzamide monohydrochloride
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Defactinib (VS-6063) inhibits FAK phosphorylation at the Tyr397 site in a time- and dose-dependent manner. RPPA data shows that Defactinib reduces levels of AKT and YB-1 in taxane-resistant cell lines. The expression of pFAK (Tyr397) is statistically significantly inhibited by Defactinib in a dose-dependent manner in all cell lines. Defactinib inhibits pFAK (Tyr397) expression within 3 hours, with a gradual return of expression by 48 hours.
Defactinib (VS-6063) doses of 25 mg/kg twice a day or greater statistically significantly inhibits pFAK (Tyr397) at 3 hours, with return of expression noted by 24 hours. Therefore, administration of Defactinib at 25 mg/kg twice a day is selected as the dosing schedule for subsequent therapy experiments. For therapy experiments, female nude mice bearing HeyA8 tumors in the peritoneal cavity are randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10 per group): 1) vehicle orally twice daily and phosphate-buffered saline intraperitoneally weekly (control); 2) Defactinib 25 mg/kg orally twice daily; 3) PTX intraperitoneally weekly; and 4) both VDefactinib 25 mg/kg orally twice daily and PTX intraperitoneally weekly. There is an 87.4% reduction in tumor weight by PTX monotherapy in the HeyA8 model, and combination therapy resulted in the greatest tumor weight reduction, with a 97.9% reduction (P=0.05 compared with PTX). In the SKOV3ip1 model, a 92.7% tumor weight reduction is observed in the combination group compared with PTX (P<0.001).
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- Shimizu T, Fukuoka K, Takeda M, Iwasa T, Yoshida T, Horobin J, Keegan M, Vaickus L, Chavan A, Padval M, Nakagawa K. A first-in-Asian phase 1 study to evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics and clinical activity of VS-6063, a focal adhesion kinase (FAK) inhibitor in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2016 May;77(5):997-1003. doi: 10.1007/s00280-016-3010-1. PubMed PMID: 27025608; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4844649.
- Lee BY, Timpson P, Horvath LG, Daly RJ. FAK signaling in human cancer as a target for therapeutics. Pharmacol Ther. 2015 Feb;146:132-49. doi: 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2014.10.001. Review. PubMed PMID: 25316657.
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