BIX 02189 is a selective MEK5/ERK5 inhibitor with an IC50 of 59 nM. BIX02189 was reported to inhibit catalytic function of purified, MEK5 enzyme. BIX02189 blocked phosphorylation of ERK5, without affecting phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in sorbitol-stimulated HeLa cells. BIX02189 also inhibited transcriptional activation of MEF2C, a downstream substrate of the MEK5/ERK5 signaling cascade, in a cellular trans-reporter assay system. BIX02189 may offer novel pharmacological tools to better characterize the role of the MEK5/ERK5 pathway in various biological systems.
CAS Number: 1265916-41-3
Molecular Weight: 440.54
Chemical Name: (Z)-3-(((3-((dimethylamino)methyl)phenyl)amino)(phenyl)methylene)-N,N-dimethyl-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxamide
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
BIX02189 blocks phosphorylation of ERK5, without affecting phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in sorbitol-stimulated HeLa cells. BIX02189 inhibits ERK5 phosphorylation in a dose dependent manner. Fluvastatin reduces advanced glycation endproduct (AGE)-induced vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation. To confirm this effect, VSMCs are treated with AGEs in the presence or absence of Fluvastatin and then subject to MTT assay. AGEs are found to dose-dependently induce cell proliferation, and this is significantly suppressed by Fluvastatin. In addition to MTT assay, the similar results are got with cell counting. This suppressive effect of Fluvastatin is prevented when VSMCs are pretreated with BIX02189. Whether ERK5 activation can reduce proliferation is also examined by using Ad-CA-MEK5α encoding a constitutively active mutant form of MEK5α (an upstream kinase of ERK5). AGE-induced proliferation determined by both MTT assay and cell counting is significantly diminished in the presence of Ad-CA-MEK5α, and Nrf2 depletion using siRNA restored AGE-induced proliferation.
Mice are treated with either 10 mg/kg of BIX02189 (in 25% DMSO) or vehicle control (same volume of 25% DMSO) by intraperitoneal injection. The nuclear localization of Nrf2 is inhibited in aortic endothelial cells from mice treated with BIX02189.
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