AAI-101, also known as Enmetazobactam, is a beta lactamase inhibitor potentially for the treatment of multi-drug resistant gram-negative bacterial infections.
CAS Number: 1001404-83-6
Molecular Weight: 314.32
Chemical Name: (2S,3S,5R)-3-methyl-3-((3-methyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-3-ium-1-yl)methyl)-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylate 4,4-dioxide
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
AAI101 shows potent activity against specific resistance phenotypes with MIC50 and MIC90 of 0.125 mg/L and 64 mg/L. Cefepime-AAI101 MICs decreases with increasing concentrations of AAI101 (over the range from 1 to 16 mg/L) for most strains, demonstrating a concentration dependence of AAI101 on restoration of the antibacterial activity of the cephalosporin.
In neutropenic animals, cefepime-AAI101 treatment results in reductions in bacterial density of ≥0.5 log10 CFU for 12 of the 20 strains tested and reductions of ≥1 log10 CFU for 6 of these. Increases in bacterial density are for only four strains, three of which have cefepime-AAI101 MICs of ≥64 mg/L, irrespective of the AAI101 concentration.
- Crandon JL, Nicolau DP. In vivo activities of simulated human doses of cefepime and cefepime-AAI101 against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 May;59(5):2688-94. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00033-15. PubMed PMID: 25712356; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4394792.
- Crandon JL, Nicolau DP. In Vitro Activity of Cefepime/AAI101 and Comparators against Cefepime Non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae. Pathogens. 2015 Aug 18;4(3):620-5. doi: 10.3390/pathogens4030620. PubMed PMID: 26295262; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4584277.
- Bush K. A resurgence of β-lactamase inhibitor combinations effective against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2015 Nov;46(5):483-93. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2015.08.011. Review. PubMed PMID: 26498989.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.
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