A66 is a potent and highly selective p110α inhibitor with IC50 of 32 nM in a cell-free assay, >100 fold selectivity for p110α over other class-I PI3K isoforms. A66 blocks phosphoinositide 3-kinase signalling and tumour growth in certain cell types.
Chemical Formula: C17H23N5O2S2
Exact Mass: 393.12932
Molecular Weight: 393.52
Elemental Analysis: C, 51.89; H, 5.89; N, 17.80; O, 8.13; S, 16.29
Chemical Name: (S)-N1-(2-(tert-butyl)-4'-methyl-[4,5'-bithiazol]-2'-yl)pyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxamide
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C17H23N5O2S2/c1-9-12(10-8-25-14(20-10)17(2,3)4)26-15(19-9)21-16(24)22-7-5-6-11(22)13(18)23/h8,11H,5-7H2,1-4H3,(H2,18,23)(H,19,21,24)/t11-/m0/s1
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
A66 is a potent inhibitor of the wild-type and oncogenic forms of p110α but not other class-I PI3K isoforms. The p110α-specific inhibitor A66 (0.7 μM) induces a 75-80% reduction in focus formation by the highly transforming iSH2 mutants KS459delN, DKRMNS560del, and K379E. The p110α-specific inhibitor A66 reduced phosphorylation of Akt on T308 by all p85 mutants.
The optimal dosing strategy for xenograft studies is determined by investigating the drug pharmacokinetics after a dose of 10 mg/kg of body weight by intraperitoneal injection in CD-1 mice. Despite a short half-life of only 0.42 h, the large Cmax (8247 nM) of A66 S that is reached 30 min after dosing ensured that the AUC0-inf (area under the curve from zero time to infinity) (6809 nM•h) is similar to that of BEZ-235 (7333 nM•h), which has a longer half-life of 2.73 h. Furthermore, the A66 on SK-OV-3 tumour tissue is tested using a single dose of 100 mg/kg of body weight to determine whether a long-lasting effect of the drug could be achieved on target tissues. These studies show that A66 causes a profound reduction in the phosphorylation of Akt/PKB and p70 S6 kinase, but not of ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase), at both 1 and 6 h after dosing. Levels of A66 in plasma are determined to be 21.1±1.2 μM and 9.1±1.1 μM at 1 and 6 h after drug injection, whereas levels of A66 in the tumor are 22.7±2.1 μM and 16.0±1.3 μM at the same time points.
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Buchanan CM, Dickson JM, Lee WJ, Guthridge MA, Kendall JD, Shepherd PR. Oncogenic mutations of p110α isoform of PI 3-kinase upregulate its protein kinase activity. PLoS One. 2013 Aug 1;8(8):e71337. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071337. Print 2013. PubMed PMID: 23936502; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3731339.
Wang X, Li JP, Yang Y, Ding J, Meng LH. A pharmacological model reveals biased dependency on PI3K isoforms for tumor cell growth. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2013 Sep;34(9):1201-7. doi: 10.1038/aps.2013.81. Epub 2013 Jul 29. PubMed PMID: 23892273; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4003165.
Smith GC, Ong WK, Costa JL, Watson M, Cornish J, Grey A, Gamble GD, Dickinson M, Leung S, Rewcastle GW, Han W, Shepherd PR. Extended treatment with selective phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and mTOR inhibitors has effects on metabolism, growth, behaviour and bone strength. FEBS J. 2013 Nov;280(21):5337-49. doi: 10.1111/febs.12428. Epub 2013 Aug 12. PubMed PMID: 23837532.
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