COH29 is an orally available, aromatically substituted thiazole and inhibitor of the human ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon oral administration, the RNR inhibitor COH29 binds to the ligand-binding pocket of the RNR M2 subunit (hRRM2) near the C-terminal tail. This blocks the interaction between the hRRM1 and hRRM2 subunits and interferes with the assembly of the active hRRM1/hRRM2 complex of RNR. Inhibition of RNR activity decreases the pool of deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates available for DNA synthesis. The resulting decrease in DNA synthesis causes cell cycle arrest and growth inhibition. In addition, this agent may inhibit the nuclear enzyme poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) 1, which prevents the repair of damaged DNA, and causes both the accumulation of single and double strand DNA breaks and the induction of apoptosis.
CAS Number: 1190932-38-7
Molecular Weight: 420.44
Chemical Name: N-(4-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5-phenylthiazol-2-yl)-3,4-dihydroxybenzamide
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
COH29 (RNR Inhibitor COH29) overcome hydroxyurea and gemcitabine resistance in cancer cells. It effectively inhibits proliferation of most cell lines in the NCI 60 human cancer panel, most notably ovarian cancer and leukemia, but exerts little effect on normal fibroblasts or endothelial cells. Site-directed mutagenesis, NMR and surface plasmon resonance biosensor studies confirm COH29 binding to the proposed ligand-binding pocket and offer evidence for assembly blockade of the RRM1-RRM2 quaternary structure.
COH29 results in a dose-dependent inhibition of MOLT-4 tumor xenograft growth with twice-daily oral dosing at 50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg, which is pronounced by Day 12 of treatment. Similarly, 7 days of treatment of mice bearing TOV11D xenografts with 200, 300, or 400 mg/kg/day COH29 results in a dose-dependent inhibition of tumor xenograft growth. Tumor growth is significantly inhibited compared with the control group.
- Chen YR, Tsou B, Hu S, Ma H, Liu X, Yen Y, Ann DK. Autophagy induction causes a synthetic lethal sensitization to ribonucleotide reductase inhibition in breast cancer cells. Oncotarget. 2016 Jan 12;7(2):1984-99. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.6539. PubMed PMID: 26675256; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4811511.
- Zhang H, Liu X, Warden CD, Huang Y, Loera S, Xue L, Zhang S, Chu P, Zheng S, Yen Y. Prognostic and therapeutic significance of ribonucleotide reductase small subunit M2 in estrogen-negative breast cancers. BMC Cancer. 2014 Sep 11;14:664. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-14-664. PubMed PMID: 25213022; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4171582.
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