GLPG0187 is a small molecule integrin receptor antagonist (IRA) with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon administration, GLPG0187 binds to and blocks the activity of 5 RGD-integrin receptor subtypes, including alphavbeta1, alphavbeta3, alphavbeta5, alphavbeta6 and alpha5beta1. This may result in the inhibition of endothelial cell-cell interactions and endothelial cell-matrix interactions, and the prevention of angiogenesis and metastasis in tumor cells expressing these integrin receptors. Integrin receptors are transmembrane glycoproteins expressed on the surface of tumor vessel endothelial cells and some types of cancer cells, and play a crucial role in endothelial cell adhesion and migration.
Chemical Formula: C29H37N7O5S
Exact Mass: 595.2577
Molecular Weight: 595.719
Elemental Analysis: C, 58.47; H, 6.26; N, 16.46; O, 13.43; S, 5.38
Chemical Name: (S)-3-((2,5-dimethyl-6-(4-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-2-yl)piperidin-1-yl)pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-((4-methoxyphenyl)sulfonamido)propanoic acid.
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C29H37N7O5S/c1-18-26(31-17-25(29(37)38)35-42(39,40)23-9-7-22(41-3)8-10-23)32-19(2)33-28(18)36-15-12-20(13-16-36)24-11-6-21-5-4-14-30-27(21)34-24/h6-11,20,25,35H,4-5,12-17H2,1-3H3,(H,30,34)(H,37,38)(H,31,32,33)/t25-/m0/s1
Appearance: Solid powder
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >5 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
In a solid-phase assay, GLPG0187 shows selectivity for several RGD integrin receptors with IC50s of 1.3, 3.7, 2.0, 1.4, 1.2, 7.7 nM for αvβ1, αvβ3, αvβ5, αvβ6,αvβ8, and α5β1. GLPG0187 is a potent inhibitor of osteoclastic bone resorption and angiogenesis. Treatment with GLPG0187 dose-dependently increases the E-cadherin/vimentin ratio, rendering the cells a more epithelial, sessile phenotype. GLPG0187 dose-dependently diminishes the size of the aldehyde dehydrogenase high subpopulation of prostate cancer cells. GLPG0187 treatment results in cell rounding and clumping. GLPG0187 demonstrates a dose-dependent significant reduction in tumour cell migration. GLPG0187 at all concentrations significantly reduces cell proliferation.
Blocking αv-integrins by GLPG0187 markedly reduces their metastatic tumor growth. Bone tumor burden is significantly lower and the number of bone metastases/mouse is significantly inhibited. The progression of bone metastases and the formation of new bone metastases during the treatment period is significantly inhibited.
van der Horst G, van den Hoogen C, Buijs JT, Cheung H, Bloys H, Pelger RC, Lorenzon G, Heckmann B, Feyen J, Pujuguet P, Blanque R, ClÃ©ment-Lacroix P, van der Pluijm G. Targeting of α(v)-integrins in stem/progenitor cells and supportive microenvironment impairs bone metastasis in human prostate cancer. Neoplasia. 2011 Jun;13(6):516-25. PubMed PMID: 21677875; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3114245.
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