Lodoxamide tromethamine is used as an ophthalmic solution that specially applying to the eye.
CAS Number: 63610-09-3
Molecular Weight: 276.95
Related CAS Number:
Chemical Name: 2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol;2-[2-chloro-5-cyano-3-(oxaloamino)anilino]-2-oxoacetic acid
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO: Insoluble. Water: 19 mg/mL(34.3 mM).
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
lodoxamide inhibits compound 48/80-induced histamine release and ionophore-induced 45Ca influx with associated histamine release in purified rat peritoneal mast cells.
Lodoxamide has been demonstrated to have cromolyn-like activity when studied in the rat peritoneal mast cell assay (PCA) model3 and in Ascaris antigen-sensitized rhesus monkeys. When given intravenously, orally, or intrabronchially by aerosol, lodoxamide significantly inhibits the increased respiratory frequency and decreased tidal volume induced by antigen challenge in Ascaris-sensitized. anesthetized rhesus monkeys. Addition of lodoxamide tromethamine to Euro-Collins or University of Wisconsin solution results in a marked decrease in lung reperfusion injury as demonstrated by increased oxygenation, decreased microvascular permeability, and increased compliance. Patients treated with lodoxamide tromethamine demonstrate an improvement in daytime breathing difficulty, cough, sputum production, and sleep.
- Watt GD, et al. Protective effect opf lodoxamide tromethamine on allergen inhalation challenge. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1980 Oct;66(4):286-94.
- Barr ML, et al. Addition of a mast cell stabilizing compound to organ preservation solutions decreases lung reperfusion injury. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 Mar;115(3):631-6; discussion 636-7.
- Mann JS, et al. Inhaled lodoxamide tromethamine in the treatment of perennial asthma: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1985 Jul;76(1):83-90.
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