Roflumilast N-oxide an active metabolite of roflumilast is an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 PDE4 It can be combined with formoterol to enhance the antiinflammatory effect of dexamethasone
CAS Number: 292135-78-5
Molecular Weight: 419.21
Chemical Name: N-(3,5-Dichloro-1-oxopyridin-4-yl)-4-difluoromethoxy-3-cyclopropylmethoxybenzamide
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : 320 mg/mL (763.34 mM; Need ultrasonic and warming)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Roflumilast N-oxide at 2 nM partly mitigates the cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in WD-HBEC in vitro. Roflumilast N-oxide (2 nM) reverses the compromised expression of E-cadherin transcripts following CSE by 45%. The expression of collagen type I is abrogated by Roflumilast N-oxide (2 nM). The epithelial cell phenotype appears protected when cells are co-incubated with Roflumilast N-oxide (2 nM). Pre-incubation with Roflumilast N-oxide (2 nM) also partly attenuates the nuclear translocation of β-catenin.
Single treatment of db/db mice with 10 mg/kg Roflumilast N-oxide enhances plasma glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) 4-fold. Chronic treatment of db/db mice with Roflumilast N-oxide at 3 mg/kg shows prevention of disease progression. Roflumilast-N-oxide abolishes the increase in blood glucose, reduces the increment in HbA1c by 50% and doubles fasted serum insulin compare with vehicle, concomitants with preservation of pancreatic islet morphology. Furthermore, Roflumilast-N-oxide amplifies forskolin-induced insulin release in primary islets. Roflumilast-N-oxide also shows stronger glucose-lowering effects than its parent compound.
- Victoni T, et al. Roflumilast n-oxide associated with PGE2 prevents the neutrophil elastase-induced production of chemokines by epithelial cells. Int Immunopharmacol. 2016 Jan;30:1-8.
- Milara J,et al. Simvastatin Increases the Ability of Roflumilast N-oxide to Inhibit Cigarette Smoke-Induced Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition in Well-differentiated Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells in vitro. COPD. 2015 Jun;12(3):320-31.
- Vollert S, et al. The glucose-lowering effects of the PDE4 inhibitors roflumilast and roflumilast-N-oxide in db/db mice. Diabetologia. 2012 Oct;55(10):2779-2788.
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