TBK1/IKKε-IN-1 (compound 1) is a dual inhibitor of TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) and IκB kinase-ε (IKKε/IKK-i) with IC50 of 1.0 nM and 5.6 nM for TBK1 and IKKε, respectively. TBK1/IKKε inhibition enhances response to PD-1 blockade, which effectively predicts tumor response in vivo.
CAS Number: 1893397-65-3
Molecular Weight: 513.59
Chemical Name: 5-(4-((4-(4-(oxetan-3-yl)piperazin-1-yl)phenyl)amino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-2-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)oxy)benzonitrile
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO 10 mg/mL (19.47 mM) Water ˂1 mg/mL (NaN mM) Ethanol ˂1 mg/mL (NaN mM)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
TBK1/IKKε-IN-1(compound 1) effectively blocks immune suppressive cytokine elaboration by CT26 cell line spheroids, without cytotoxic effects, and enhances secretion of IL-2 and IFN-γ from purified CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from healthy human donors and IL-2 from Jurkat human T-cell leukemia cells. Ex vivo addition of TBK1/IKKε-IN-1(compound 1) to PD-1 blockade enhances killing of CT26 MDOTS, associated with decreased levels of CCL4, CCL3, and IL-1β and induction of cytokines involved in activated innate immune responses.
Balb/c mice bearing CT26 tumors are treated with TBK1/IKKε-IN-1(compound 1) ± anti-PD-L1. Consistent with MDOTS profiling data, greater tumor control and longer survival is evident with TBK1/IKKε-IN-1(compound 1) + anti-PD-L1 than with either TBK1/IKKε-IN-1(compound 1) or anti-PD-L1 alone. Reimplantation of CT26 into mice with exceptional responses to combination therapy shows no growth, whereas EMT-6 implanted tumors grow normally, suggesting induction of immunologic memory of CT26 cells in mice treated with TBK1/IKKε-IN-1(compound 1) + anti-PD-L1. Therefore, MDOTS profiling effectively recapitulates the in vivo response to PD-1 blockade +/− TBK1/IKKε inhibition, highlighting the potential of ex vivo screening in MDOTS to develop combination immunotherapies.
- Russell WJ, et al. Cancer Discov. 2018 Feb;8(2):196-215.
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