Melittin


Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M7468-2 2mg solid $195
M7468-10 10mg solid $780

Description

Melittin (MLT, Forapin, Forapine) is an activator of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) that stimulates the activity of the low molecular weight PLA2, while it does not the increase the activity of the high molecular weight enzyme.

Product information

CAS Number: 20449-79-0

Molecular Weight: 2846.46

Formula: C131H229N39O31

Synonym:

MLT

Forapin

Forapine

Chemical Name: (2S)-2-[[(2S)-5-amino-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-6-amino-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-6-amino-2-[[(2S,3S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S,3S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-1-[(2S)-2-[[2-[[(2S,3R)-2-[[(2S,3R)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-6-amino-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[2-[[(2S,3S)-2-[(2-aminoacetyl)amino]-3-methylpentanoyl]amino]acetyl]amino]propanoyl]amino]-3-methylbutanoyl]amino]-4-methylpentanoyl]amino]hexanoyl]amino]-3-methylbutanoyl]amino]-4-methylpentanoyl]amino]-3-hydroxybutanoyl]amino]-3-hydroxybutanoyl]amino]acetyl]amino]-4-methylpentanoyl]pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl]amino]propanoyl]amino]-4-methylpentanoyl]amino]-3-methylpentanoyl]amino]-3-hydroxypropanoyl]amino]-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propanoyl]amino]-3-methylpentanoyl]amino]hexanoyl]amino]-5-carbamimidamidopentanoyl]amino]hexanoyl]amino]-5-carbamimidamidopentanoyl]amino]-5-oxopentanoyl]amino]pentanediamide

Smiles: CC(NC(=O)CNC(=O)C(NC(=O)CN)C(C)CC)C(=O)NC(C(C)C)C(=O)NC(CC(C)C)C(=O)NC(CCCCN)C(=O)NC(C(C)C)C(=O)NC(CC(C)C)C(=O)NC(C(C)O)C(=O)NC(C(C)O)C(=O)NCC(=O)NC(CC(C)C)C(=O)N1CCCC1C(=O)NC(C)C(=O)NC(CC(C)C)C(=O)NC(C(C)CC)C(=O)NC(CO)C(=O)NC(CC1=CNC2=CC=CC=C12)C(=O)NC(C(C)CC)C(=O)NC(CCCCN)C(=O)NC(CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)NC(CCCCN)C(=O)NC(CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)NC(CCC(N)=O)C(=O)NC(CCC(N)=O)C(N)=O

InChiKey: VDXZNPDIRNWWCW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChi: InChI=1S/C131H229N39O31/c1-23-71(16)102(163-97(176)60-135)122(194)146-62-98(177)148-74(19)109(181)164-100(69(12)13)124(196)160-88(55-65(4)5)116(188)155-84(41-30-33-51-134)115(187)165-101(70(14)15)125(197)161-90(57-67(8)9)118(190)168-106(77(22)173)128(200)169-105(76(21)172)123(195)147-63-99(178)150-92(58-68(10)11)129(201)170-54-36-44-94(170)121(193)149-75(20)108(180)158-89(56-66(6)7)117(189)166-104(73(18)25-3)127(199)162-93(64-171)120(192)159-91(59-78-61-145-80-38-27-26-37-79(78)80)119(191)167-103(72(17)24-2)126(198)157-83(40-29-32-50-133)111(183)154-85(42-34-52-143-130(139)140)112(184)152-82(39-28-31-49-132)110(182)153-86(43-35-53-144-131(141)142)113(185)156-87(46-48-96(137)175)114(186)151-81(107(138)179)45-47-95(136)174/h26-27,37-38,61,65-77,81-94,100-106,145,171-173H,23-25,28-36,39-60,62-64,132-135H2,1-22H3,(H2,136,174)(H2,137,175)(H2,138,179)(H,146,194)(H,147,195)(H,148,177)(H,149,193)(H,150,178)(H,151,186)(H,152,184)(H,153,182)(H,154,183)(H,155,188)(H,156,185)(H,157,198)(H,158,180)(H,159,192)(H,160,196)(H,161,197)(H,162,199)(H,163,176)(H,164,181)(H,165,187)(H,166,189)(H,167,191)(H,168,190)(H,169,200)(H4,139,140,143)(H4,141,142,144)

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: Water 100 mg/mL (35.13 mM)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

In vitro studies using TNF-α/IFN-γ-stimulated human keratinocytes shows that melittin inhibits the increased expression of chemokines, such as CCL17 and CCL22, and pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1β, IL-6 and IFN-γ, through the blockade of the NF‐κB and STAT signalling pathways.

In Vivo:

Melittin exhibits potent anti-atopic activities, shown by decreased Atopic dermatitis (AD)-like skin lesions, induced by DNCB in mice.

References:

  1. M R Steiner, et al. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Feb 10;1166(1):124-30.
  2. Hyun-Jin An, et al. Br J Pharmacol. 2018 Dec;175(23):4310-43

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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