High affinity proteasome inhibitor (Ki = 0.6 nM). Inhibits growth of multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines (IC50 values in <50 nM range); induces apoptosis in MM cell lines and MM patient derived cells, including p53 mutant cell lines. Decreases adherence of MM cells lines to bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Acts synergistically with dexamethasone (Cat. No. 1126). Also cytotoxic in MCF-7 breast cancer cell line (IC50 = 50 nM).
CAS Number: 179324-69-7
Molecular Weight: 384.24
Chemical Name: ((R)-3-methyl-1-((S)-3-phenyl-2-(pyrazine-2-carboxamido)propanamido)butyl)boronic acid
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO: 76 mg/mL(197.79 mM).
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Bortezomib, a boronic acid dipeptide, is a highly selective, reversible inhibitor of the 26S proteasome which primarily functions in the degradation of mis-folded proteins and is essential for the regulation of the cell cycle. Exposure to Bortezomib has been shown to stabilize p21, p27, and p53, as well as the proapoptotic Bid and Bax proteins, caveolin-1, and inhibitor κB-α, which prevents activation of nuclear factor κB-induced cell survival pathways. Bortezomib also promotes the activation of the proapoptotic c-Jun-NH2 terminal kinase, as well as the endoplasmic reticulum stress response. Alteration of the levels of these cellular proteins leads to inhibition of proliferation, migration, and promotion of apoptosis of cancer cells. Bortezomib is shown to penetrate into cells and inhibit proteasome-mediated intracellular proteolysis of long-lived proteins with a concentration that inhibits 50% of the proteolysis of ∼0.1 μM. The average growth inhibition of 50% value for Bortezomib across the entire panel of 60 cancer cell lines derived from multiple human tumors from the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) is 7 nM. Treatment of PC-3 cells with Bortezomib (100 nM) for 8 h results in the accumulation of cells in G2-M, with a corresponding decrease in the number of cells in G1. Bortezomib kills PC-3 cells at 24 and 48 hr with IC50 of 100 and 20 nM, respectively. Bortezomib induces nuclear condensation at 16–24 hr after treatment. Bortezomib treatment leads to PARP cleavage in a time-dependent manner with concentrations as low as 100 nM being effective at 24 hr.
The anticancer effects of bortezomib as a single agent have been demonstrated in xenograft models of multiple myeloma, adult T-cell leukemia, lung, breast, prostate, pancreatic, head and neck, and colon cancer, and in melanoma. Oral bortezomib 1.0 mg/ kg daily for 18 days causes tumor growth delays, as well as a decrease in the number of metastases in the Lewis lung cancer model. Bortezomib at a single dose of up to 5 mg/kg significantly decreased the surviving fraction of breast tumor cells. Bortezomib 1.0 mg/kg administrated weekly for 4 weeks reduces tumor growth by 60% in murine xenograft models of prostate cancer. 1.0 mg/kg Bortezomib administration for 4 weeks results in a 72% or 84% reduction in pancreatic cancer murine xenografts growth, as well as an increase in tumor cell apoptosis. 1.0 mg/kg Bortezomib treatment results in significant inhibition of human plasmacytoma xenograft growth, increase in tumor cells apoptosis and overall survival, and a decrease in tumor angiogenesis.
- LeBlanc R, et al. Cancer Res, 2002, 62(17), 4996-5000
- Boccadoro M, et al. Cancer Cell Int, 2005, 5(1):18.
- Adams J, et al. Cancer Res, 1999, 59(11), 2615-2622.
Products are for research use only. Not for human use.
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