2-methoxyestradiol, also known as 2-ME, is an orally bioavailable estradiol metabolite with potential antineoplastic activity. 2-Methoxyestradiol inhibits angiogenesis by reducing endothelial cell proliferation and inducing endothelial cell apoptosis. This agent also inhibits tumor cell growth by binding to tubulin, resulting in antimitotic activity, and by inducing caspase activation, resulting in cell cycle arrest in the G2 phase, DNA fragmentation, and apoptosis.
CAS Number: 362-07-2
Molecular Weight: 302.41
Chemical Name: (8R, 9S, 13S, 14S, 17S)-2-methoxy-13-methyl-7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17-decahydro-6H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene-3, 17-diol
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO: 60 mg/mL(198.4 mM).
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
2-Methoxyestradiol exhibits the inhibitory activity of cellular proliferation in a breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB-435 and an ovarian carcinoma cell line SK-OV-3 with IC50 of 1.38 μM and 1.79 μM, respectively. Furthermore, 2-Methoxyestradiol also inhibits cellular microtubule depolymerization in rat aortic smooth muscle A-10 cells with EC50 of 7.5 μM. 2-Methoxyestradiol inhibits proliferation of MCF-7 and BM cells with IC50 of 52 μM and 8 μM. In MDA-MB-231 cells, 2-Methoxyestradiol inhibits HIF-1-mediated transcriptional activation of target genes without affecting the transcription of HIF-1α itself. A recent study shows that 2-Methoxyestradiol (0.5 μM), blocks TGF-β3-induced expression of collagen (Col) type I(αI), Col III(αI), plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) 1, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Moreover, 2-Methoxyestradiol ameliorates TGF-β3-induced Smad2/3 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation, and inhibits TGF-β3-induced activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.
In a 9L rat glioma (9L-V6R) rat model, 2-Methoxyestradiol significantly decreases HIF-1 activity and inhibits the tumor growth in a dose-dependent manner by 4-fold reduction for 60 mg/kg/day, and 23-fold reduction for 600 mg/kg/day, respectively.
- Mabjeesh NJ, et al. Cancer Cell. 2003, 3(4), 363-375.
- Seeger H, et al. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2003, 84(2-3), 255-257.
- Rao PN, et al. Steroids. 2002, 67(13-14), 1079-1089.
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