Pelitinib, also known as EKB569 and WAY-172569, is a 3-cyanoquinoline pan-ErbB tyrosine kinase inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. EKB-569 irreversibly binds covalently to epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) ErbB-1, -2 and -4, thereby inhibiting receptor phosphorylation and signal transduction and resulting in apoptosis and suppression of proliferation in tumor cells that overexpress these receptors.
CAS Number: 257933-82-7
Molecular Weight: 467.92
Chemical Name: (E)-N-(4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino)-3-cyano-7-ethoxyquinolin-6-yl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO: 13 mg/mL(27.78 mM). Water: Insoluble.
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Pelitinib displays much higher inhibitory activity against EGFR, compared with the closely related c-erbB-2, as well as other kinases such as Src, Cdk4, c-Met, Raf, and MEK/ERK, with IC50 ranging from 282 nM for Src to >20 μM for Cdk4. Consistently, Pelitinib treatment significantly inhibits the autophosphorylation of EGFR but not c-Met in A431 cells. Pelitinib potently inhibits the proliferation of normal human keratinocytes (NHEK), as well as A431 and MDA-468 tumor cells with IC50 of 61 nM, 125 nM, and 260 nM, respectively, while displaying little activity against MCF-7 cells with IC50 of 3.6 μM. Pelitinib inhibits EGF-induced phosphorylation of EGFR in A431 and NHEK cells with IC50 of 20-80 nM, as well as the phosphorylation of STAT3 with IC50 of 30-70 nM. Pelitinib at 75-500 nM also specifically inhibits the activation of AKT and ERK1/2, without affecting NF-κB pathway. In NHEK cells, Pelitinib also potently inhibits TGF-α mediated EGFR activation with IC50 of 56 nM, as well as activation of STAT3 and ERK1/2 with IC50 of 60 nM and 62 nM, respectively.
A single oral dose of 10 mg/kg Pelitinib potently inhibits the EGFR phosphorylation in A431 xenografts with over-expressed EGFR, by 90% within 1 hour, and by >50% after 24 hours. Administration of Pelitinib at 20 mg/kg/day inhibits tumorigenesis in APCMin/+ mice by 87%, equivalent to the effect of used with 2 times doses of EKI-785 (40 mg/kg/day), consistent with greater in vivo potency. Pelitinib selectively inhibits EGFR signaling in airway epithelial cells in vivo. In the mouse model of airway epithelial remodeling that is inducible by viral infection and features a delayed but permanent switch to goblet cell metaplasia, Pelitinib treatment at 20 mg/kg/day corrects all 3 aspects of epithelial remodeling, by completely blocking the increase of ciliated cells and decrease of Clara cells, and significantly inhibiting the metaplasia of goblet cells.
- Tyner JW, et al. J Clin Invest, 2006, 116(2), 309-321.
- Nunes M, et al. Mol Cancer Ther, 2004, 3(1), 21-27.
- Torrance CJ, et al. Nat Med, 2000, 6(9), 1024-1028.
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