KW 2449


Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M7748-2 2mg solid $95
M7748-10 10mg solid $285

Description

KW-2449 is a novel multikinase inhibitor, which suppresses the growth of leukemia cells with FLT3 mutations or T315I-mutated BCR/ABL translocation. Recent research showed that HDACIs increase KW-2449 lethality in Bcr/Abl(+) cells in association with inhibition of Bcr/Abl, generation of ROS, and induction of DNA damage. This strategy preferentially targets primary Bcr/Abl(+) hematopoietic cells and exhibits enhanced in vivo activity. Combining KW-2449 with HDACIs warrants attention in IM-resistant Bcr/Abl(+) leukemias.

Product information

CAS Number: 1000669-72-6

Molecular Weight: 332.40

Formula: C20H20N4O

Synonym:

KW2449

KW-2449

Chemical Name: (E)-(4-(2-(1H-indazol-3-yl)vinyl)phenyl)(piperazin-1-yl)methanone

Smiles: O=C(C1C=CC(=CC=1)/C=C/C1=NNC2=CC=CC=C21)N1CCNCC1

InChiKey: YYLKKYCXAOBSRM-JXMROGBWSA-N

InChi: InChI=1S/C20H20N4O/c25-20(24-13-11-21-12-14-24)16-8-5-15(6-9-16)7-10-19-17-3-1-2-4-18(17)22-23-19/h1-10,21H,11-14H2,(H,22,23)/b10-7+

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO: 67 mg/mL(201.56 mM). Water: Insoluble.

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

KW-2449, a multikinase inhibitor of FLT3, ABL, ABL-T315I, and Aurora kinase, is under investigation to treat leukemia patients. KW-2449 shows the potent growth inhibitory effects on leukemia cells with FLT3 mutations by inhibition of the FLT3 kinase, resulting in the down-regulation of phosphorylated-FLT3/STAT5, G1 arrest, and apoptosis. Oral administration of KW-2449 shows dose-dependent and significant tumor growth inhibition in FLT3-mutated xenograft model with minimum bone marrow suppression. In FLT3 wild-type human leukemia, KW-2449 induces the reduction of phosphorylated histone H3, G2/M arrest, and apoptosis. In Imatinib-resistant leukemia, KW-2449 contributes to release of the resistance by the simultaneous down-regulation of BCR/ABL and Aurora kinases. The inhibitory activity of KW-2449 is not affected by the presence of human plasma protein, such as α1-acid glycoprotein. KW-2449 has potent growth inhibitory activity against various types of leukemia by several mechanisms of action. KW-2449 has significant activity and warrants clinical study in leukemia patients with FLT3 mutations as well as Imatinib-resistant mutations. Phosphorylation levels of FLT3 and STAT5 are decreased by KW-2449 in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, it potently inhibits ABL-T315I, which is associated with IM resistance, with IC50 of 4 nM. On the other hand, KW-2449 has little effect on PDGFRβ, IGF-1R, EGFR, and various serine/threonine kinases even at a concentration of 1 μM. KW-2449 has the potent growth inhibitory activities against not only FLT3/ITD-expressing leukemia cells but also FLT3/KDM-activated and wild-type FLT3-overexpressing leukemia cells. In accordance with growth inhibitory effect, KW-2449 suppresses the phosphorylations of FLT3 (P-FLT3) and its downstream molecule phospho-STAT5 (P-STAT5) in MOLM-13 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, KW-2449 increases the percentage of cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle and reciprocally reduces the percentage of cells in the S phase, resulting in the increase of apoptotic cell population. KW-2449 can dephosphorylate constitutively active WT-FLT3 kinase but not inhibit the proliferation of leukemia cells if they are not mainly addicted to FLT3 the kinase. KW-2449 is rapidly absorbed and converted to a major metabolite M1.Preclinical studies reveal that KW-2449 is converted by monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) and aldehyde oxidase into its major metabolite M1.KW-2449 mediates cytotoxicity thru inhibition of FLT3/ITD.KW-2449 is a direct inhibitor of FLT3 and induces inhibition of its downstream target STAT5. KW2449 interacts synergistically with HDACIs to induce apoptosis in Ph+ CML cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. KW2449 synergistically enhances the lethality of vorinostat/SNDX275 in CML cells.KW-2449 regimens are active against additional IM-resistant Bcr/Abl+ leukemia cells. KW2449 moderately reduces phosphorylation of histone H3, an indicator of Aurora B activity, in nocodozole-treated K562 cells.

In Vivo:

In the MOLM-13 tumor xenograft model, oral administration of KW-2449 for 14 days shows a potent and significant antitumor effect in a dose-dependent manner.

References:

  1. Nguyen T, et al. Clin Cancer Res, 2011, 17(10), 3219-32.
  2. Pratz KW, et al. Blood, 2009, 113(17), 3938-46.
  3. Shiotsu Y, et al. Blood, 2009, 114(8), 1607-17.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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