Rosiglitazone Maleate is a potent and selective activator of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma). It also acts as a potent orally active insulin sensitizing agent.
CAS Number: 155141-29-0
Molecular Weight: 473.50
Related CAS Number:
Chemical Name: 5-[[4-[2-[Methyl(pyridin-2-yl)amino]ethoxy]phenyl]methyl]-1, 3-thiazolidine-2, 4-dione maleate
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO: 94 mg/mL(198.52 mM). Water: Insoluble.
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Rosiglitazone is an insulin-sensitising agent of the thiazolidinedione class of oral antihyperglycaemic drugs. Rosiglitazone exhibits insulin-sensitising activity 60- to 200-fold higher than that of troglitazone, englitazone, or piogliazone in rodent models of insulin ressitance. Rosiglitazone reduces hyperglycaemia by improving insulin sensitivity in adipose tissue, the liver and skeletal muscle tissue. Such insulin sensitisation may be partly attributable to the effects of Rosiglitazone on the expression of molecules involved in the insulin signalling cascade. In adipose tissue, Rosiglitazone-mediated PPARγ stimulation promotes adipocyte differentiation. Rosiglitazone may also promote the uptake of free fatty acids in adipose tissue, thus reducing systemic free fatty acid levels. The insulin sensitivity of the liver and peripheral tissues may be modulated indirectly by Rosiglitazone-mediated changes in levels of fatty acid or adipocyte-derived factors, such as adiponectin and TNFα. Rosiglitazone may also be involved in modulating the expression of adiponectin receptors in some tissues, which may be relevant to some aspects of insulin sensitisation.
- Yang Li, et al. Cell Death Differ . 2019 Nov;26(11):2284-2299.
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