Cilomilast


Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M7828-2 2mg solid $190
M7828-10 10mg solid $645

Description

Cilomilast (Ariflo, SB-207, 499) is a drug which was developed for the treatment of respiratory disorders such as asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). It is orally active and acts as a selective Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor. Clinical trial results showed reasonable efficacy for treating COPD, but side effects were problematic and it is unclear whether cilomalast will be marketed, or merely used in the development of newer drugs. Cilomilast is a second-generation PDE4 inhibitor with antiinflammatory effects that target bronchoconstriction, mucus hypersecretion, and airway remodeling associated with COPD.

Product information

CAS Number: 153259-65-5

Molecular Weight: 343.42

Formula: C20H25NO4

Synonym:

SB 207499

SB-207499

SB207499

Ariflo

Chemical Name: cis-4-Cyano-4-[3-(cyclopentyloxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]cyclohexanecarboxylic acid

Smiles: COC1=CC=C(C=C1OC1CCCC1)[C@]1(CC[C@H](CC1)C(O)=O)C#N

InChiKey: CFBUZOUXXHZCFB-LDTOLXSISA-N

InChi: InChI=1S/C20H25NO4/c1-24-17-7-6-15(12-18(17)25-16-4-2-3-5-16)20(13-21)10-8-14(9-11-20)19(22)23/h6-7,12,14,16H,2-5,8-11H2,1H3,(H,22,23)/t14-,20+

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO: 69 mg/mL(200.92 mM). Water: Insoluble.

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Cilomilast produces a concentration-dependent increase in cAMP content in U937 cells. Cilomilast produces a concentration-dependent increase in cAMP content in U937 cells. In isolated human monocytes, Cilomilast and (R)-rolipram are equipotent at suppressing LPS-induced TNF-α formation with -log (IC50) of 7.0 and 7.2, respectively. Both Cilomilast and (R)-rolipram produces a modest prevention of fMLP-induced degranulation of human neutrophils. Cilomilast and (R)-rolipram are equipotent at suppressing neutrophil activation with -log (IC50) of 7.1 and 6.4, respectively. Cilomilast significantly decreases the expression of TNF-α in the cornea and IL-1α, IL-1β, and TNF-α in the conjunctivaas compared to vehicle control. Cilomilast treatment markedly decreases the presence of CD11b+ antigen-presenting cells in the central and peripheral cornea, and leads to decreased conjunctival expression of cytokines IL-6, IL-23, and IL-17. Moreover, Cilomilast decreases the expression of IL-17 and IL-23 in the draining lymph nodes. Cilomilast reduces TLR4 expression, IL-8 release and neutrophil chemotactic activity as well as it increased IP-10 release and lymphocyte chemotactic activity.

In Vivo:

Cilomilast inhibits human TNFα production with oral ED50 of 4.9 mg/kg. In contrast to their equipotent activity against TNFα production, Cilomilast (ED50 = 2.3 mg/kg, p.o.) is 10-fold less potent than R-rolipram (ED50 = 0.23 mg/kg, p.o.) in reversing reserpine-induced hypothermia, a model of antidepressant activity. In time course studies, Cilomilast (30 mg/kg, p.o.) suppresses TNFα production for at least 10 hour. The ability of Cilomilast to modulate interleukin-4 productionin vivo is assessed in a chronic oxazolone-induced contact sensitivity model in Balb/c mice. Topical administration of Cilomilast (1000 μg) inhibits intralesional concentrations of interleukin-4. Orally administered cilomilast dose-dependently inhibits production of interleukin-4, TNF-α, and cysteinyl leukotrienes, as well as leukocyte infiltration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from the airways of ovalbumin-sensitized Brown Norway rats.

References:

  1. Griswold DE,et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998, 287(2),705-711.
  2. Barnette MS, et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998, 284(1), 420-426.
  3. Sadrai Z, et al. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012.
  4. Pace E, et al. Cell Immunol. 2011, 268(1), 47-53.
  5. Kobayashi M, et al. Int Immunopharmacol. 2011, 11(6), 732-739.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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