KU-60019 is a potent and selective ATM inhibitor. KU-60019 is 10-fold more effective than KU-55933 at blocking radiation-induced phosphorylation of key ATM targets in human glioma cells. As expected, KU-60019 is a highly effective radiosensitizer of human glioma cells. KU-60019 inhibits the DNA damage response, reduces AKT phosphorylation and prosurvival signaling, inhibits migration and invasion, and effectively radiosensitizes human glioma cells
CAS Number: 925701-49-1
Molecular Weight: 547.67
Chemical Name: 2-((2S, 6R)-2, 6-dimethylmorpholino)-N-(5-(6-morpholino-4-oxo-4H-pyran-2-yl)-9H-thioxanthen-2-yl)acetamide.
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO: 18 mg/mLwarmed(32.86 mM). Water: Insoluble.
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Compared to KU-55933, KU-60019 is an improved more water-soluble inhibitor of the ATM kinase, while displaying similar target selectivity. KU-60019 has little activity against DNA-PKcs and ATR with IC50 values of 1.7 μM and >10 μM, respectively, as well as 229 other protein kinases such as PI3K, mTOR and mTOR/FKBP12. KU-60019 displays 3- to 10-fold more potency than KU-55933 at blocking radiation-induced phosphorylation of key ATM protein targets such as p53, γ-H2AX, and CHK2, in human glioma U87 and U1242 cells, as 1 μM of KU-60019 significantly induces >70% decrease of p53 (S15) phosphorylation to which extent ~10 μM of KU-55933 is required to achieve. KU-60019 effectively radiosensitizes human glioma cells with dose-enhancement ratio of 1.7 and 4.4 at 1 μM and 10 μM, respectively, and also radiosensitizes the normal fibroblasts but not the A-T fibroblasts. KU-60019 treatment (3 μM) blocks basal and insulin-induced AKT S473 phosphorylation by 70% and ~50%, respectively, and completely reduces radiation-induced AKT phosphorylation below the level of control. The effect of KU-60019 on AKT S473 phosphorylation can be seen in glioma cell lines and normal fibroblasts but not in A-T (h-TERT) cells, and can be significantly blocked by phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid, suggesting a critical role of ATM kinase in regulating AKT phosphorylation via unknown phosphatase. Consistent with the inhibition of prosurvival AKT signaling, KU-60019 at 3 μM significantly inhibits migration and invasion of human glioma U87 cells by >70% and ~60%, respectively, as well as U1242 cells by >50% and ~60% respectively.
In orthotopic glioma U1242/luc-GFP xenograft models, the combination of KU-60019 and radiation significantly increases survival of mice than KU-60019 alone, radiation alone, or no treatment. In addition, p53-mutant gliomas is much more sensitive to KU-60019 radiosensitization than wild-type glioma.
- Golding SE, et al. Mol Cancer Ther, 2009, 8(10), 2894-2902.
- Clin Cancer Res. 2013, 19(12), 3189-3200.
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