Neratinib, also known as HKI-272 or PB272, is an orally available, irreversible inhibitor of the HER-2 receptor tyrosine kinase with potential antineoplastic activity. Neratinib binds to the HER-2 receptor irreversibly, thereby reducing autophosphorylation in cells, apparently by targeting a cysteine residue in the ATP-binding pocket of the receptor.
CAS Number: 698387-09-6
Molecular Weight: 557.04
Related CAS Number:
915942-22-2 (Neratinib maleate)
Chemical Name: (2E)-N-[4-[[3-chloro-4-[(pyridin-2-yl)methoxy]phenyl]amino]-3-cyano-7-ethoxyquinolin-6-yl]-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO: 5 mg/mLwarmed(8.97 mM). Water: Insoluble.
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Neratinib weakly inhibits tyrosine kinases KDR and Src with IC50 of 0.8 μM and 1.4 μM, respectively, being 14- and 24-fold less active compared with HER2. Neratinib displays no activity against other serine-threonine kinases such as Akt, cyclin D1/cdk4, cyclin E/cdk2, cyclin B1/cdk1, IKK-2, MK-2, PDK1, c-Raf, and Tpl-2, as well as the tyrosine kinase c-Met. Neratinib selectively inhibits the proliferation of 3T3 cells transfected with the HER2 (3T3/neu), as well as two other HER-2-overexpressing SK-Br-3 and BT474 cells with IC50 values of 2-3 nM, displaying >230-fold potency compared with non-transfected 3T3 cells as well as MDA-MB-435 and SW620 which are EGFR- and HER2-negative. Neratinib also inhibits the proliferation of EGFR-dependent A431 cells with an IC50 of 81 nM. Neratinib reduces HER2 receptor autophosphorylation in BT474 cells with an IC50 of 5 nM, and EGF-dependent phosphorylation of EGFR in A431 cells with IC50 of 3 nM. Blocking of HER-2 by Neratinib results in inhibition of downstream MAPK and Akt pathways with IC50 of 2 nM, more potently than Trastuzumab. Neratinib inhibits the cyclin D1 expression and the phosphorylation of the Rb-susceptibility gene production in BT474 cells with IC50 of 9 nM, leading to G1-S arrest and ultimately decreased cell proliferation.
Oral administration of Neratinib significantly inhibits the growth of 3T3/neu xenografts, with inhibition of 34%, 53%, 98%, and 98% at dose of 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg/kg/day, respectively. Consistent with the inhibition of HER-2 phosphorylation by 84% within 1 hour of administration at 40 mg/kg/day, Neratinib inhibits the growth of BT474 xenografts by 70-82%, 67%, and 93% at dose of 5, 10, and 40 mg/kg/day, respectively. Neratinib is also effective against SK-OV-3 xenografts with inhibition of 31% and 85% at 5 and 60 mg/kg/day, respectively. Neratinib is less potent against EGFR-dependent A431 xenografts than HER-2-dependent tumors, with 32% and 44% inhibition at 5 and 20 mg/kg/day, respectively. Neratinib displays little activity against MCF-7 and MX-1 xenografts expressing low levels of HER-2 and EGFR, with only 28% inhibition at 80 mg/kg/day, suggesting that Neratinib has selective activity for cells expressing HER-2 or EGFR.
- Rabindran SK, et al. Cancer Res, 2004, 64(11), 3958-3965.
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