Temsirolimus


Catalog No. Size PriceQuantity
M7859-2 2mg solid $90
M7859-10 10mg solid $270

Description

Temsirolimus is an ester analog of rapamycin. Temsirolimus binds to and inhibits the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), resulting in decreased expression of mRNAs necessary for cell cycle progression and arresting cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. mTOR is a serine/threonine kinase which plays a role in the PI3K/AKT pathway that is upregulated in some tumors. Temsirolimus (CCI-779) is an intravenous drug for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), developed by Wyeth Pharmaceuticals and approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in late May 2007, and was also approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) on November 2007.

Product information

CAS Number: 162635-04-3

Molecular Weight: 1030.29

Formula: C56H87NO16

Synonym:

CCI-779

Torisel

Chemical Name: (1R, 2R, 4S)-4-{(2R)-2-[(3S, 6R, 7E, 9R, 10R, 12R, 14S, 15E, 17E, 19E, 21S, 23S, 26R, 27R, 34aS)-9, 27-dihydroxy-10, 21-dimethoxy-6, 8, 12, 14, 20, 26-hexamethyl-1, 5, 11, 28, 29-pentaoxo-1, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 34a-tetracosahydro-3H-23, 27-epoxypyrido[2, 1-c][1, 4]oxazacyclohentriacontin-3-yl]propyl}-2-methoxycyclohexyl 3-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate.

Smiles: CC(CO)(CO)C(=O)O[C@@H]1CC[C@H](C[C@H]1OC)C[C@@H](C)[C@@H]1CC(=O)[C@H](C)C=C(C)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](OC)C(=O)[C@H](C)C[C@H](C)C=CC=CC=C(C)[C@H](C[C@@H]2CC[C@@H](C)[C@@](O)(O2)C(=O)C(=O)N2CCCC[C@H]2C(=O)O1)OC |c:27,46,t:42,44|

InChiKey: CBPNZQVSJQDFBE-QWRHTZMXSA-N

InChi: InChI=1S/C56H87NO16/c1-33-17-13-12-14-18-34(2)45(68-9)29-41-22-20-39(7)56(67,73-41)51(63)52(64)57-24-16-15-19-42(57)53(65)71-46(30-43(60)35(3)26-38(6)49(62)50(70-11)48(61)37(5)25-33)36(4)27-40-21-23-44(47(28-40)69-10)72-54(66)55(8,31-58)32-59/h12-14,17-18,26,33,35-37,39-42,44-47,49-50,58-59,62,67H,15-16,19-25,27-32H2,1-11H3/b14-12-,17-13-,34-18-,38-26-/t33-,35-,36-,37-,39-,40+,41+,42+,44-,45+,46+,47-,49-,50+,56-/m1/s1

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 30 mg/mL (29.12 mM)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Temsirolimus potently inhibits mTOR kinase activity with IC50 of 1.76 μM, similar to that of rapamycin with IC50 of 1.74 μM in the absence of FKBP12. Temsirolimus (10 nM to <5 μM) displays a modest and selective antiproliferative activity via FKBP12-dependent mechanism, but can completely inhibit the proliferation of a broad panel of tumor cells at low micromolar concentrations (5-15 μM), involving FKBP12-independent suppression of mTOR signaling. Temsirolimus treatment at micromolar but not nanomolar concentrations (20 μM) causes a marked decline in global protein synthesis and disassembly of polyribosomes, accompanied by rapid increase in the phosphorylation of translation elongation factor eEF2 and the translation initiation factor eIF2A. Temsirolimus inhibits the phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6, more potently in PTEN-positive DU145 cells than in PTEN-negative PC-3 cells, and inhibits cell growth and clonogenic survival of both cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Temsirolimus (100 ng/mL) potently inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in primary human lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells.

In Vivo:

CCI-779 (20 mg/kg, i.p.) inhibits the growth of both prostate cancer xenografts, and the rowth of PC-3 tumors is inhibited in a dose-dependent manner and growth inhibition is greater than for DU145 tumors. In the NOD/SCID xenograft models with human ALL, Temsirolimus treatment at 10 mg/kg/day produces a decrease in peripheral blood blasts and in splenomegaly. Administration of Temsirolimus (20 mg/kg, i.p. 5 days/week) significantly delays the growth of DAOY xenografts by 160% after 1 week and 240% after 2 weeks, compared with controls. Single high-dose of Temsirolimus (100 mg/kg, i.p) treatment induces 37% regression of tumor volume within 1 week. Temsirolimus treatment for 2 weeks also delays the growth of rapamycin-resistant U251 xenografts by 148%. Inhibition of mTOR by Temsirolimus improves performance on four different behavioral tasks and decreases aggregate formation in a mouse model of Huntington disease. Administration of Temsirolimus induces significant dose-dependent, antitumor responses against subcutaneous growth of 8226, OPM-2, and U266 xenografts with ED50 of 20 mg/kg and 2 mg/kg for 8226 and OPM-2, respectively, which are associated with inhibited proliferation and angiogenesis, induction of apoptosis, and reduction in tumor cell size.

References:

  1. Shor B, et al. A new pharmacologic action of CCI-779 involves FKBP12-independent inhibition of mTOR kinase activity and profound repression of global protein synthesis. Cancer Res, 2008, 68(8), 2934-2943.
  2. Wu L, et al. Effects of the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor CCI-779 used alone or with chemotherapy on human prostate cancer cells and xenografts. Cancer Res, 2005, 65(7), 2825-2831.
  3. Teachey DT, et al. The mTOR inhibitor CCI-779 induces apoptosis and inhibits growth in preclinical models of primary adult human ALL. Blood, 2006, 107(3), 1149-1155.
  4. Geoerger B, et al. Antitumor activity of the rapamycin analog CCI-779 in human primitive neuroectodermal tumor/medulloblastoma models as single agent and in combination chemotherapy. Cancer Res, 2001, 61(4), 1527-1532.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.

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