XL-765，is a PI3K/mTOR dual kinase inhibitor XL765 is an orally bioavailable small molecule targeting the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinases in the PI3K/mTOR signaling pathway, with potential antineoplastic activity. PI3K/mTOR dual kinase inhibitor XL765 inhibits both PI3K kinase and mTOR kinase, which may result in tumor cell apoptosis and growth inhibition in susceptible tumor cell populations.
CAS Number: 934493-76-2
Molecular Weight: 270.29
Related CAS Number:
Chemical Name: 2-Amino-8-ethyl-4-methyl-6-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2, 3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
XL765 is active against class I PI3K (IC50 = 39, 113, 9 and 43 nM for p110α, β, γ and δ, respectively). XL765 also inhibits DNA-PK (IC50 = 150 nM) and mTOR (IC50 = 157 nM) but not XL-147 which shows IC50 values of > 15 μM.  XL765 treatment results in decreased cell viability in 13 PDA cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. XL765, a dual-target PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, inhibits cell growth and apoptosis in many more cell lines and at lower concentrations as compared to the PI3K-selective inhibitors XL147 and PIK90. The effect can be recapitulated by using combinations of single-targeted compounds. XL765 significantly reduces phosphorylation of the mTOR targets S6, S6K, and 4EBP1, which is associated with greater apoptosis induction rather than to PI3K inhibition alone. XL765 treatment causes accumulation of autophagosomes in MIAPaCa-2 cells, and results in significant dose-dependent AVO induction and LC3-II stimulation in MIAPaCa-2 cells stably expressing a LC3-GFP construct.
The combination of XL765 (30 mg/kg) with chloroquine (50 mg/kg) results in significant inhibition of BxPC-3 xenograft growth in mice models, while XL765 alone at the same dose has no inhibitory effect.  Oral administration of XL765 results in greater than 12-fold reduction in median tumor bioluminescence compared to control and improvement in median survival in nude mice implanted intracranially with GBM 39-luc cells. XL765 in combination with temozolomide (TMZ) yields a 140-fold reduction in median bioluminescence with a trend toward improvement in median survival compared with TMZ alone.
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