Tipifarnib, also known as R115777, is a farnesyltransferase inhibitor that is being investigated in patients 65 years of age and older with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). It inhibits the Ras kinase in a post translational modification step before the kinase pathway becomes hyperactive. It inhibits prenylation of the CxxX tail motif, which allows Ras to bind to the membrane where it is active. Without this step the protein cannot function.
CAS Number: 192185-72-1
Molecular Weight: 489.40
Chemical Name: (R)-6-(Amino(4-chlorophenyl)(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-5-yl)methyl)-4-(3-chlorophenyl)-1-methyl-2(1H)-quinolinone
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO: 14 mg/mL(28.6 mM). Water: Insoluble.
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Using Tipifarnib 5 μM for 72 hours, the percentage of apoptotic cells is significantly higher in drug-treated compared to DMSO-treated LGL T-cells. Using T-cells from healthy donors, Tipifarnib reduces the percentage of IFNγ-positive cells in a time-dependent manner. Tipifarnib reduces the amount of activated Ras in precipitates compared to DMSO.  Tipifarnib exerts selective in vitro toxicity against clonal MDS hematopoiesis at concentrations less than 10 nM the effect being more prominent in white cell progenitors. This action is not due to apoptosis induction as both normal and MDS progenitors displays equivalent DiOC3 and annexin V expression up to 72 hours after exposure to Tipifarnib.  Combining Tipifarnib with 10 nM 4-OH-tamoxifen in the presence of E2 reduces the IC50 8-fold from 400 to 50 nM.  Tipifarnib induces apoptosis in U937 cells.  In addition, Tipifarnib inhibits isolated human farnesyltransferase for a lamin B peptide and for the K-RasB peptide with IC50 of 0.86 nM and 7.9 nM, respectively. 
Ki-67 is lower in the tumors treated with E2 withdrawal plus R115777 compared with E2 withdrawal alone. The combination of tamoxifen and R115777 results in significantly lower Ki-67 compared with either tamoxifen or R115777 alone (mean of 5% versus 16.9% and 67.3%, respectively). In contrast, no significant difference in apoptotic scores is seen between the treatment groups. R115777 alone also reduces the CTI compared with control. The combination of tamoxifen and R115777 or R115777 coupled with E2 withdrawal is most effective at lowering the CTI (0.8 and 0.7, respectively), which may account for the decrease in tumor volume.
- Kotsianidis I, et al. Acta Haematol. 2008, 120(1), 51-56.
- Bai F, et al. Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2012, 61(4), 523-533.
- Margolin KA, et al. Clin Cancer Res. 2012, 18(4), 1129-1137.
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