(S)-Willardiine is a potent agonist of AMPA/kainate receptors with EC50 of 44.8 uM.IC50 value: 44.8 uM(EC50) Target: AMPA/kainate receptor agonistin vitro: The (S)- but not (R)-isomers of willardiine and 5-bromowillardiine were potent agonists, producing rapidly but incompletely desensitizing responses . At a concentration of 1.8 mM, Ca2+ inhibited the currents induced by 100 microM willardiine by approximately 50% .in vivo: In newborn mice (P5, histopathology at P10), local injection of the AMPA receptor agonist S-bromo-willardiine at day 5 after birth induced cortical damage and white matter damage, which was reduced in a dose-dependent manner by the AMPA receptor antagonists .
CAS Number: 21416-43-3
Molecular Weight: 199.16
Chemical Name: (2S)-2-amino-3-(2,4-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidin-1-yl)propanoic acid
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
- Patneau DK, et al. Activation and desensitization of AMPA/kainate receptors by novel derivatives of willardiine. J Neurosci. 1992 Feb;12(2):595-606.
- Fukushima T, et al. Calcium inhibits willardiine-induced responses in kainate receptor GluR6(Q)/KA-2. Neuroreport. 2001 Jan 22;12(1):163-7.
- Gressens P, et al. The effects of AMPA receptor antagonists in models of stroke and neurodegeneration. Eur J Pharmacol. 2005 Sep 5;519(1-2):58-67.
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