Crotonic acid is a GABA analogue that inhibits GLIC function. It is used in the copolymerization of crotonic acid hydrogel systems by using gamma-rays.
CAS Number: 596-09-8
Molecular Weight: 416.38
Chemical Name: 3'-(acetyloxy)-3-oxo-3H-spiro[2-benzofuran-1,9'-xanthen]-6'-yl acetate
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : 26.67 mg/mL (64.05 mM)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Fluorescein diacetate (FDA) is an acetylated derivative of the green fluorescent dye fluorescein. Fluorescein diacetate (FDA), a fluorescent probe used for vital staining, is a fluorescently activated by esterolytic activity of human Pi-class glutathione S-transferase (hGSTP1) selectively among various cytosolic GSTs. Fluorescence activation of Fluorescein diacetate susceptible to GST inhibitors is observed in MCF7 cells exogenously overexpressing hGSTP1, but not in cells overexpressing hGSTA1 or hGSTM1. Fluorescein diacetate can be used as a fluorogenic substrate for hGSTP1-1. To investigate whether the fluorescence activation is due to hGSTP1 activity, Fluorescein diacetate is incubated with recombinant hGSTP1-1 and GSH in vitro. Remarkable fluorescence activation is observed in the presence of both hGSTP1-1 and GSH, whereas only slight activation is observed in the absence of either of them or when the enzyme is heat inactivated. This suggests that the fluorescence activation of Fluorescein diacetate depends on hGSTP1-1 activity. From the linear relationship between the rate of increase in fluorescence and the hGSTP1-1 concentration, the specific activity of the enzyme for 1 μM Fluorescein diacetate is determined to be 79±15 nmol/min/mg protein. Fluorescein diacetate is applicable as a fluorogenic substrate for evaluating inhibitors of GSTP1-1 in vitro. For Fluorescein diacetate as a substrate, both Ethacrynic acid (EA) and NBDHEX suppress the hGSTP1-1-dependent fluorescent increase in a concentration-dependent manner, with IC50s of 3.3±0.5 μM and 0.61±0.04 μM, respectively.
- Boyd V, et al. Limitations in the Use of Fluorescein Diacetate/Propidium Iodide (FDA/PI) and Cell PermeableNucleic Acid Stains for Viability Measurements of Isolated Islets of Langerhans. Curr Trends Biotechnol Pharm. 2008 Mar;2(2):66-84.
- Fujikawa Y, et al. Fluorescein diacetate (FDA) and its analogue as substrates for Pi-class glutathione S-transferase (GSTP1) and their biological application. Talanta. 2018 Mar 1;179:845-852.
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