Rebeccamycin, an antitumor antibiotic, inhibits DNA topoisomerase I. Rebeccamycin appears to exert its primary antineoplastic effect by poisoning topoisomerase I and has negligible effect on protein kinase C and topoisomerase II.
CAS Number: 93908-02-2
Molecular Weight: 570.38
Chemical Name: 5, 21-dichloro-23-[(2R, 3R, 4R, 5S, 6R)-3, 4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methoxyoxan-2-yl]-3, 13, 23-triazahexacyclo[22.214.171.124, .0, .0, .0, ]tricosa-1, 4, 6, 8, 10, 15, 17(22), 18, 20-nonaene-12, 14-dione
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Rebeccamycin is an antitumor antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Saccharotrix aerocolonigenes with activity against several human tumor cell lines, including A549 (lung adenocarcinoma), HCT-116 (colon carcinoma), and KB (nasopharyngeal carcinoma) . Rebeccamycin shows antibacterial activity against several Gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus faecalis.
Rebeccamycin (2-256 mg/kg; i.p.; daily for 9 days) prolongs survival in B16 melanoma, L1210 leukemia.
- Merchant J, et al. Phase I clinical and pharmacokinetic study of NSC 655649, a rebeccamycin analogue, given in both single-dose and multiple-dose formats. Clin Cancer Res. 2002 Jul;8(7):2193-201.
- Sánchez C, et al. The biosynthetic gene cluster for the antitumor rebeccamycin: characterization and generation of indolocarbazole derivatives. Chem Biol. 2002 Apr;9(4):519-31.
- Bush JA, et al. Production and biological activity of rebeccamycin, a novel antitumor agent. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1987 May;40(5):668-78.
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