Sinomenine hydrochloride (Cucoline hydrochloride), an alkaloid extracted from Sinomenium acutum, is a blocker of the NF-κB activation. Sinomenine also is an activator of μ-opioid receptor.
CAS Number: 6080-33-7
Molecular Weight: 365.85
Chemical Name: (1R, 9S, 10S)-3-hydroxy-4, 12-dimethoxy-17-methyl-17-azatetracyclo[188.8.131.52, .0, ]heptadeca-2, 4, 6, 11-tetraen-13-one hydrochloride
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO : 100 mg/mL (273.34 mM; Need ultrasonic and warming) H2O : 16.67 mg/mL (45.57 mM; Need ultrasonic)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Cell viability is gradually decreased with increasing Sinomenine hydrochloride concentration. The migration ability of MDA-MB-231 cells is significantly weakened by 0.25, 0.5, and 1 mM of Sinomenine hydrochloride treatment. The wound-healing assay reveals that 0.25 and 0.5 mM Sinomenine hydrochloride significantly suppress the healing of the wound. When the MDA-MB-231 cells are treated with 0.5 mM Sinomenine hydrochloride, the healing progress is about 50%, but in the group treated with 0.25 mM Sinomenine hydrochloride and the untreated control, the healing is about 80% and nearly 95%, respectively. The IB assay following inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB) antibody IP shows that the binding of NF-κB to IκB is inhibited by Sinomenine hydrochloride treatment in a dose-dependent manne.
Sinomenine hydrochloride (i.p.) produces antinociception in the hot plate and tail flick tests in male rats at 40 mg/kg, but not at lower doses (10 or 20 mg/kg). At 10 to 40 mg/kg Sinomenine hydrochloride does not produce any observable side effect such as sedation, allergy or motor impairments. At 80 mg/kg, Sinomenine hydrochloride is mildly sedative in rats. Sinomenine hydrochloride at 80 mg/kg i.p. does not produce any observable side effects in mice. I.p or p.o. Sinomenine hydrochloride at 40 or 80 mg/kg dose-dependently reduces mechanical hypersensitivity in nerve injured mice. I.p. Sinomenine hydrochloride at 40 mg/kg, but not lower doses or vehicle, significantly decreases mechanical and cold allodynia for up to 240 min without producing motor deficits or sedation. At doses of 10 to 40 mg/kg, Sinomenine hydrochloride dose-dependently increases the paw withdrawal threshold. In non-chronic constriction injury (CCI) healthy rats, Sinomenine hydrochloride at the dose range of 10 to 40 mg/kg does not change the immobility behavior in the forced swimming test.
- Song L, et al. Sinomenine inhibits breast cancer cell invasion and migration by suppressing NF-κB activation mediated by IL-4/miR-324-5p/CUEDC2 axis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015 Aug 28;464(3):705-10.
- Gao T, et al. Analgesic effect of sinomenine in rodents after inflammation and nerve injury. Eur J Pharmacol. 2013 Dec 5;721(1-3):5-11.
- Wang MH, et al. Activation of opioid mu-receptor by sinomenine in cell and mice.Neurosci Lett. 2008 Oct 10;443(3):209-12.
- Zhu Q, et al. Antinociceptive effects of sinomenine in a rat model of neuropathic pain. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 1;4:7270.
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