MSX-122 is a n orally bioavailable inhibitor of CXCR4 with potential antineoplastic and antiviral activities. CXCR4 inhibitor MSX-122 binds to the chemokine receptor CXCR4, preventing the binding of stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1) to the CXCR4 receptor and receptor activation, which may result in decreased tumor cell proliferation and migration. CXCR4, a chemokine receptor belonging to the GPCR (G protein-coupled receptor) gene family, plays an important role in chemotaxis and angiogenesis and is upregulated in several tumor cell types; it is also a co-receptor for HIV entry into T cells. The chemical structure of MSX-122 is very similar to that of WZ811.
Chemical Formula: C16H16N6
Exact Mass: 292.14364
Molecular Weight: 292.34
Elemental Analysis: C, 65.74; H, 5.52; N, 28.75
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C16H16N6/c1-7-17-15(18-8-1)21-11-13-3-5-14(6-4-13)12-22-16-19-9-2-10-20-16/h1-10H,11-12H2,(H,17,18,21)(H,19,20,22)
Appearance: white solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life:>2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
MSX-122 is a partial antagonist of CXCR4, inhibiting CXCR4/CXCL12 actions, with an IC50 of ∼10 nM. MSX-122 shows no inhibition on cAMP reduction mediated by their corresponding ligands CCR3/CCL5 and CCR5/CCL5. MSX-122 (100 nM) potently blocks invasion of 78% MDA-MB-231 cells. However, MSX-122 does not suppress T-tropic HIV infection and is inactive in calcium flux assay.
MSX-122 (10 mg/kg, i.p.) blocks inflammation induced by carrageenan and lung fibrosis induced by bleomycin in mice. MSX-122 (4 mg/kg, i.p., daily) blocks metastasis in an experimental animal model of breast cancer metastasis. Furthermore, MSX-122 (10 mg/kg i.p., daily) significantly decreases the numbers of hepatic micrometastases.
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