NB-598 is a potent competitive inhibitor of squalene epoxidase (SE). NB-598 suppresses triglyceride biosynthesis through the farnesol pathway. NB-598 suppresses the secretion of cholesterol and triacylglycerol and simultaneously reduces apolipoprotein B in HepG2 cells. NB-598 reduced basolaterally secreted radioactivity in cholesterol, cholesterol ester, PL and TG. Furthermore, NB-598 suppressed the basolateral secretion of apolipoprotein (apo) B. When microsomes prepared from control Caco-2 cells were incubated with 10 microM NB-598, acyl CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) activity was inhibited slightly.
CAS Number: 131060-14-5
Molecular Weight: 449.67
NB-598 free base
Chemical Name: (E)-N-ethyl-6,6-dimethyl-N-[[3-[(4-thiophen-3-ylthiophen-2-yl)methoxy]phenyl]methyl]hept-2-en-4-yn-1-amine
Appearance: Solid Power.
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥12 months if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined.
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
NB598 (10 μM) causes a 36±7% reduction in total cholesterol level of MIN6 cells. NB598 causes a significant decrease in cholesterol by 49±2%, 46±7%, and 48±2% from PM, ER, and SG, respectively. NB598 dose-dependently inhibits insulin secretion under both basal (1 mM glucose) and glucose-stimulated (16.7 mM glucose) conditions. NB598 at concentrations up to 10 μM does not affect peak outward KV currents or the voltage dependence of activation but increases current inactivation. NB-598 (10 μM) inhibits the synthesis of sterol and sterol ester from [14C]acetate without affecting the synthesis of other lipids such as phospholipids (PL), free fatty acids (FFA) and triacylglycerol (TG). In the absence of exogenous liposomal cholesterol, NB-598 reduces ACAT activity by 31%. NB-598 reduces ACAT activity by 22% even in the presence of a 600 PM concentration of liposomal cholesterol. NB-598 suppresses the secretion of cholesterol and triacylglycerol from HepG2 cells into the medium.
- Horie M, Iwasawa Y, Satoh T, Shimizu A, Nagata Y, Kamei T. Effects of NB-598, a potent squalene epoxidase inhibitor, on the apical membrane uptake of cholesterol and basolateral membrane secretion of lipids in Caco-2 cells. Biochem Pharmacol. 1993 Jul 20;46(2):297-305. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(93)90418-v. PMID: 8347152.
- Horie M, Hayashi M, Satoh T, Hotta H, Nagata Y, Ishida F, Kamei T. An inhibitor of squalene epoxidase, NB-598, suppresses the secretion of cholesterol and triacylglycerol and simultaneously reduces apolipoprotein B in HepG2 cells. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 May 20;1168(1):45-51. PMID: 8504141.
- Hidaka Y, Hotta H, Nagata Y, Iwasawa Y, Horie M, Kamei T. Effect of a novel squalene epoxidase inhibitor, NB-598, on the regulation of cholesterol metabolism in Hep G2 cells. J Biol Chem. 1991 Jul 15;266(20):13171-7. PMID: 1649182.
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