Epothilone B is a microtubule stabilizer with a Ki of 0.71μM. It acts by binding to the αβ-tubulin heterodimer subunit which causes decreasing of αβ-tubulin dissociation.
CAS Number: 152044-54-7
Molecular Weight: 507.68
Chemical Name: (1S, 3S, 7S, 10R, 11S, 12S, 16R)-7, 11-dihydroxy-8, 8, 10, 12, 16-pentamethyl-3-((E)-1-(2-methylthiazol-4-yl)prop-1-en-2-yl)-4, 17-dioxabicyclo[14.1.0]heptadecane-5, 9-dione
Appearance: Solid Power
Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Solubility: DMSO: 102 mg/mL(200.91 mM). Water: Insoluble.
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Drug Formulation: To be determined
HS Tariff Code: 382200
How to use
Epothilone B shows better activity than Epothilone A. The EC0.01 of Epothilone B is 1.8 μM. Epothilone B potently inhibits cell proliferation in HCT116 cells, with IC50 of 0.8 nM. Epothilone B induces mitotic arrest and displays cytotoxicity in KB3-1, KBV-1, Hela, and Hs578T cells, with IC50 of 3 nM to 92 nM. Epothilone B competes with Taxol in binding to microtubules, with IC50 of 3.3 μM. In MCF-7 cells overexpressing GFP-α-tubulin, Epothilone B (3.5 nM) efficiently blocks microtubule dynamics. Meanwhile, Epothilone B induces mitotic arrest with IC50 of 3.5 nM. In multiple myeloma (MM) cells, including RPMI 8226, U266, MM.1S, LR5, and MR20, Epothilone B directly suppresses proliferation with IC50 of 1 nM to 10 nM. Similarly, Epothilone B (10 nM) also induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. A recent study reveals that, in ovarian cancer Hey cells, Epothilone B (5 nM–100 nM) enhances surface epithelial cell adhesion antigen (EpCAM), without affecting the transcription or the total cellular level of EpCAM.
In a mouse xenograft model of RPMI 8226 cells, Epothilone B (2.5 mg/kg–4 mg/kg) prolongs survival and suppresses tumor growth. Similarly, in mouse xenograft models of prostate cancer cells, including DU145 and PC3, Epothilone B at the same dose also inhibits tumor growth.
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